World Heart Day – 29 Sept 2017

World Heart Day is celebrated on 29 September each year.  Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is accountable for nearly half of all NCD Mortalities making it the world’s number one killer. World Heart Day is, therefore, the perfect platform for the CVD community to unite in the fight against CVD and reduce the global disease burden.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be the leading cause of death and disability in the world today: over 17.5 million people die from cardiovascular disease every year.

Any disease of the heart, vascular disease of the brain, or disease of the blood vessel constitutes a cardiovascular disease. The most prevalent cardiovascular diseases include

  • Coronary heart disease (e.g. heart attack)
  • Cerebrovascular disease (e.g. stroke).

Controlling key risk factors such as diet, physical activity, tobacco use, and blood pressure may reduce the risk for CVD.

Most of the major cardiovascular disease risk factors can be controlled. Here are a few tips on how to control those risk factors and protect your heart:

Get active

heart healthy dietStop smoking and protect yourself from tobacco

heart disease facts

Eat healthily

heart healthy foods

Maintain a healthy weight

heart disease facts

Know your numbers

heart disease facts

Know the warning signs

World Heart Day

Carefully take your medication

manage your medications

 

Keep your blood pressure under check

Hypertension or high blood pressure is a preventable and controllable condition. Uncontrolled Hypertension has direct effect on Left Ventricle Hypertrophy  (LVH) and can lead to stroke.

To know more about Hypertension click on the link

What are the Warning signs of Heart Attack?

Some heart attacks are sudden and intense. But most heart attacks start slowly, with mild pain or discomfort. Often people affected aren’t sure what’s wrong and wait too long before getting help. Here are signs that can mean a heart attack is happening:

  • Chest discomfort. Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes, or that goes away and comes back. It can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain.
  • Discomfort in other areas of the upper body. Symptoms can include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.
  • Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort.
  • Other signs may include breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or light headedness.

Diabetic Patients may not experience many of the above symptoms

Heart attacks often manifest themselves differently in women than in men. As with men, women’s most common heart attack symptom is chest pain or discomfort. But women are somewhat more likely than men to experience some of the other common symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting, and back or jaw pain. Diabetic Patients may not experience many of the above symptoms.

What are the Warning signs of Stroke ?

A stroke is a medical emergency.  If any of these symptoms appear, don’t delay – get medical help immediately!

  • Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause

If experiencing any of these signs, which could come and go, call emergency services/ambulance immediately.

If there is no emergency response number, seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Learn how cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) pumps oxygenated blood through the body and can help save the life of someone who is unconscious from a sudden cardiac arrest. Also watch video below  on how to perform CPR.

 

Chennai Medical Tourism offers Customer Centric Services and customized medical tourism services guiding the Patients to choose the Right Doctors/Specialist, Right Hospital at affordable cost through the network hospitals in Chennai and other major cities in India.

 

Heart Attack Related quotes

 

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Disclaimer: The blog’s posting in warning signs, symptoms and guidelines are only for reference and cannot be taken as recommendations and that CMT is not responsible and people must always refer to Doctor and should not depend on CMT blog for medical solutions.

Joint Pain

Arthroscopic Surgery – Key Hole Surgery

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure orthopaedic surgeons use to visualize, diagnose, and treat problems inside a joint.

Arthroscopic surgery The word arthroscopy comes from two Greek words, “arthro” (joint) and “skopein” (to look). The term literally means “to look within the joint.”

Key hole SurgeryIn an arthroscopic examination, an orthopaedic surgeon makes a small incision in the patient’s skin and then inserts pencil-sized instruments that contain a small lens and lighting system to magnify and illuminate the structures inside the joint. Light is transmitted through fiber optics to the end of the arthroscope that is inserted into the joint.

arthroscopic surgeryBy attaching the arthroscope to a miniature television camera, the surgeon is able to see the interior of the joint through this very small incision rather than a large incision needed for surgery.

Dr.-Burke-Shoulder-Arthroscopy-Machine-1

The television camera attached to the arthroscope displays the image of the joint on a television screen, allowing the surgeon to look, for example, throughout the knee. This lets the surgeon see the cartilage, ligaments, and under the kneecap. The surgeon can determine the amount or type of injury and then repair or correct the problem, if it is necessary.

knee arthroscopyDisease and injuries can damage bones, cartilage, ligaments, muscles, and tendons. Some of the most frequent conditions found during arthroscopic examinations of joints are:

Shoulder: Rotator cuff tendon tears, impingement syndrome, and recurrent dislocations

arthroscopic surgery for shoulderKnee: Meniscal (cartilage) tears, chondromalacia (wearing or injury of cartilage cushion), and anterior cruciate ligament tears with instabilityarthroscopic knee surgery

Wrist: Carpal tunnel syndrome

wrist surgeryLoose bodies of bone and/or cartilage: for example, knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, or wristarthroscopic surgery for ankleSome problems associated with arthritis also can be treated. Several procedures may combine arthroscopic and standard surgery.

  • Rotator cuff surgery
  • Repair or resection of torn cartilage (meniscus) from knee or shoulder
  • Reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament in knee
  • Removal of inflamed lining (synovium) in knee, shoulder, elbow, wrist, ankle
  • Release of carpal tunnel
  • Repair of torn ligaments
  • Removal of loose bone or cartilage in knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, wrist.

Although the inside of nearly all joints can be viewed with an arthroscope, six joints are most frequently examined with this instrument. These include the knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, hip, and wrist. As advances are made in fiberoptic technology and new techniques are developed by orthopaedic surgeons, other joints may be treated more frequently in the future.

What are the benefits?

As this type of procedure uses very tiny instruments and only requires a small incision, there are benefits to patient. An arthroscopy is preferable to traditional ‘open’ surgery in various ways.

  • Less pain after operation than  open surgery. This means there is less need for strong painkillers and will feel better more quickly.
  • As the incision is very small, Patients will have a smaller scar that will heal much more quickly. When it is completely healed, the scar may be almost invisible.
  • There is a lower risk of infection, meaning  very unlikely to develop complications after the operation.
  • Many patients can return home on the same day as their arthroscopy, with no need to stay in hospital to recover. You may also find that you can return to normal activities more quickly. The time it takes to recover completely varies depending on the specific procedure you had and which joint was involved.

Do you have questions after reading this article? Please let us know! Leave a comment below, we would love to give you some answers! For the best Arthroscopic Surgery  Contact the number below.

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Call +91 9600195686

 

Taylor spatial frame surgery

Want to Increase your Height – TAYLOR SPATIAL FRAME

What is the TAYLOR SPATIAL FRAME?

Taylor Fatial Frame OverviewThe TAYLOR SPATIAL FRAME (TSF)  is an external device for limb correction, lengthening and  straightening . The device consists of two or more aluminum or carbon fibre rings connected by six struts. Each strut can be independently lengthened or shortened to achieve the desired result, e.g. compression at the fracture site, lengthening, etc.

How to understand the process of TSF?

Limb restoration is a gradual process that helps to restore a patient’s bone and soft tissue to normal alignment, length, and function. This remarkable technique uses a device called the TAYLOR SPATIAL FRAME to take advantage of the body’s natural ability to grow healthy new bone tissue and provide high levels of control to manage that new growth.

Bone fracture healingThere are two main phases to the process-correction/lengthening and consolidation.

Correction/lengthening refers to the period of time it takes to ‘grow the bone.’ This initial phase begins after the surgeon cuts the bone and attaches the TAYLOR SPATIAL FRAME fixator. During this time the physician will make gradual adjustments to the device, spreading the bone segments and adding ‘length’ to the total limb. Over a period of months, new bone tissue will grow in the gap, ultimately hardening the area between the segments of the original bone.

When your surgeon is satisfied with the length and position of the new bone, the consolidation phase begins, as the bone tissue is allowed to mature and become solid. Patients  still need to wear the TAYLOR SPATIAL FRAME fixator during this phase.

How does TSF Work?

The TAYLOR SPATIAL FRAME fits around the limb and is attached to the bone with pins or wires that extend from the rings, through the skin and bone to the other side.

This allows for six different axes of movement, which gives the TAYLOR SPATIAL FRAME the ability to correct difficult congenital deformities and trauma cases. Angular, translational, rotational, and length deformities can all be corrected simultaneously.

Leg lengthening SurgeryBased on the original bone deformity TAYLOR SPATIAL FRAME may be recommended by the surgeon and , day-by-day treatment plan is created. Periodically the images of the deformity is taken onscreen and adjustments are made  to the struts, depending on the prescribed course of treatment until the bones are completely set in proper alignment.

Taylor spatial frameThe  surgeon will to make a side-by-side comparison of current x-rays and the projected plan of treatment. This comparison ensures that the bones are healing in the correct alignment and at the appropriate pace.

For What Conditions TSF treatment is used?

TSF can be used for the treatment of  congenital condition a term used to describe any condition that is present at birth.  Some of the Congenital conditions are given below

Fibular Hemimelia

Fibular Hemimelia

clubfoot treatment

Club Foot

bow leg deformity

Correction of bow leg deformity

Precice Internal LengtheningCorrection with the Precice Internal Lengthening

Distraction of a Tibial Non-UnionDistraction of a Tibial Non-Union

Knee Realignment SurgeryHigh Tibial Osteotomy for Knee Realignment to Treat Arthritis

Knee Arthrodesis and LengtheningKnee Arthrodesis and Lengthening

Swollen AnkleLengthening and Deformity Correction of Leg in Patient with Fibrous Dysplasia

Limb Lengthening Before and AfterLimb Lengthening Before and After

 TSF can be utilized to increase the height of a person up to 7 Inches Depending on your body’s anatomy, the lengthening may need to be performed either on the legs or thighs or both.

Height increasing using TSF

Height increasing using TSF

Do you have questions after reading this article? Please let us know! Leave a comment below, we would love to give you some answers! For best knee replacement  Contact the number below.

Have Questions? Enquire Now

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osteoporosis symptoms and precautions

Joint Pains -Osteoarthritis

In this Article let us discuss about Osteoarthritis, Osteoarthritis is the most common form of degenerative joint disease, and is a leading cause of disability in people over 50 years of age. It is can be a very debilitating form of arthritis in that it tends to affect the load-bearing joints, especially the hips and knees, that are crucial for normal movement.

Joint and osteoarthritis therapy in ChennaiOsteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage cushioning the joints breaks down and causes the bones to rub together, inducing a change in shape. Osteoarthritis is found most frequently in people over age 50, although it can occur at any age. It most commonly affects joints in the knees, hips, shoulders, elbows, ankles, and hands. Hips and knees are at higher risk for developing osteoarthritis because they bear a large portion of the body’s weight and are subject to everyday wear and tear.

What are the Osteoarthritis Symptoms and Signs?

 

Joint pain

Oesteoarthritis Symptoms and Signs

  • Stiffness. A common marker of osteoarthritis is stiffness in the joint that is most pronounced first thing in the morning, or after a prolonged period of inactivity (such as sitting in a car or airplane). The stiffness usually resolves within 30 minutes of light activity, as the joints “warm up” through gentle movement.
  • Pain. Another common symptom is pain in the joint that worsens during or after too much movement. The pain may be experienced as dull and aching, or sharp and piercing. In the most severe cases of osteoarthritis, patients may also feel pain when the joints are at rest or only moving slightly.Joint Pains
  • Soreness. The joint may feel tender to touch or with slight pressure.
  • Inflexibility. Patients may experience loss of full range of motion in the affected joint.
  • Swelling. The joint may swell due to excess fluid buildup. This type of swelling is clinically referred to as effusion. If the swelling is severe, the joint may also feel warm to touch.
  • Grating or creaking. There might be a sensation of grating or slight grinding when moving the joint, as the surfaces of the articulating points of the joint no longer move smoothly against each other.Oesteoarthritis Symptoms and Signs
  • Bone spurs. Sometimes, bone bumps – which are points of the bone that grow outward as a result of the joint friction and dysfunction – can be felt under the skin. Bone spurs may also be referred to as osteophytes.
  • Deformity. In some types of osteoarthritis, physical deformity may be noticeable. For example, enlarged finger joints may result from the friction causes bony enlargements of the finger joints, or advanced degeneration of knee cartilage can lead to an outward, or bowlegged, curvature of the knee.

How Osteoarthritis  is Diagnosed?

Osteoarthritis of the major joints is most effectively diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, and various lab tests including Joint aspiration or arthrocentesis, imaging studies such as X-ray & MRI

How is Osteoarthritis Treated?

The most effective step toward controlling the symptoms of osteoarthritis is obtaining an early diagnosis and starting treatment as soon as possible. Osteoarthritis treatment programs typically include a combination of medication and exercise therapy.

Medications

osteoporosis

Drug therapy is used to manage physical symptoms, with a focus on relieving pain and slowing progression of the disease with Analgesics, Topical analgesics, NSAIDs

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy provides targeted exercises that help maintain the ability to perform everyday tasks such as walking, bathing, and dressing.

it is important to keep up with moderate levels of activity to strengthen the muscles surrounding the damaged joint. Stronger muscles provide greater stability for the joint, which in turn helps reduce stress on the joint.

Injections

injection

Steroid injections are often performed if pain is moderate to severe and especially if the pain symptoms limit the patient’s ability to participate with exercises

Hyaluronic acid injections are another injection modality designed to help lubricate the joint and reduce the pain and inflammation of the joint. These injections attempt to help replace the joint’s natural fluid and are sometimes described as “paving the pot holes in the joint.” By reducing the inflammation and pain in the joint is opened up for the patient to stretch and strengthen the appropriate muscles.

Surgery

osteoarthritis symptoms can be successfully managed through non-surgical care. For some, however, if they are experiencing severe joint damage, extreme pain, or very restricted mobility, surgery may be a viable option. Common types of surgery for osteoarthritis of the hip or osteoarthritis of the knee include arthroscopic surgery, osteotomy, and arthroplasty (total joint replacement).The potential benefits of surgery, such as improved movement and joint pain relief.

Total Knee Replacement

Total knee replacement is actually a resurfacing procedure where approximately ½ inch of bone is removed from the lower end of the thigh bone (femur), the upper end of the lower leg bone (tibia), and the under-surface of the knee cap (patella). These surfaces are then covered with a metal prosthesis on the femur and a plastic prosthesis on the tibia and patella.

Joint replacement

Implants have evolved to accommodate a patient’s individual anatomy. They have become more durable to accommodate the younger patient’s expectation for an active lifestyle.

Total knee replacement is truly a life-changing procedure. It allows an arthritis patient who has suffered with pain and loss of independence to regain their mobility and be out of pain with joint pain treatment.

Knee Replacement Surgery Animation

Total hip replacement

Total hip replacement has been around in various forms for many years. The technique and the material used have evolved to the procedure used today.

hip replacement

Total hip replacement is truly a replacement, as opposed to a total knee replacement which is really a resurfacing procedure. In a hip replacement, the femoral head is removed. The cup (acetabulum) is reamed and replaced with a metal-backed plastic cup. A metal stem is placed down the shaft of the thigh bone (femur). A metal ball is placed on top of the stem. The ball is then reduced into the cup. This procedure stops the patient’s arthritic femoral head from rubbing against their arthritic cup, relieving their pain.

Hip Replacement Surgery Animation

Initially, this procedure was only performed on elderly patients. With the development of improved metal and plastic, it can be performed on younger patients as well. These newer techniques allow for more durable prosthesis, which will more readily tolerate the demands of the younger, more active patient.

The operative procedure has become quicker and more efficient. Rehabilitation has been geared to get the patient back to their active lifestyle quicker without hip joint pain.

Total hip replacement is truly a life-changing procedure. It allows a patient who has suffered with pain and loss of independence to regain their mobility and be free from hip pain.

Do you have questions after reading this article? Please let us know! Leave a comment below, we would love to give you some answers! For best knee replacement  Contact the number below.

Have Questions? Enquire Now

Call +91 9600195686