World Heart Day is celebrated on 29 September each year. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is accountable for nearly half of all NCD Mortalities making it the world’s number one killer. World Heart Day is, therefore, the perfect platform for the CVD community to unite in the fight against CVD and reduce the global disease burden.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be the leading cause of death and disability in the world today: over 17.5 million people die from cardiovascular disease every year.
Any disease of the heart, vascular disease of the brain, or disease of the blood vessel constitutes a cardiovascular disease. The most prevalent cardiovascular diseases include
- Coronary heart disease (e.g. heart attack)
- Cerebrovascular disease (e.g. stroke).
Controlling key risk factors such as diet, physical activity, tobacco use, and blood pressure may reduce the risk for CVD.
Most of the major cardiovascular disease risk factors can be controlled. Here are a few tips on how to control those risk factors and protect your heart:
Stop smoking and protect yourself from tobacco
Maintain a healthy weight
Know your numbers
Know the warning signs
Carefully take your medication
Keep your blood pressure under check
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a preventable and controllable condition. Uncontrolled Hypertension has direct effect on Left Ventricle Hypertrophy (LVH) and can lead to stroke.
To know more about Hypertension click on the link
What are the Warning signs of Heart Attack?
Some heart attacks are sudden and intense. But most heart attacks start slowly, with mild pain or discomfort. Often people affected aren’t sure what’s wrong and wait too long before getting help. Here are signs that can mean a heart attack is happening:
- Chest discomfort. Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes, or that goes away and comes back. It can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain.
- Discomfort in other areas of the upper body. Symptoms can include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.
- Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort.
- Other signs may include breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or light headedness.
Diabetic Patients may not experience many of the above symptoms
Heart attacks often manifest themselves differently in women than in men. As with men, women’s most common heart attack symptom is chest pain or discomfort. But women are somewhat more likely than men to experience some of the other common symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting, and back or jaw pain. Diabetic Patients may not experience many of the above symptoms.
What are the Warning signs of Stroke ?
A stroke is a medical emergency. If any of these symptoms appear, don’t delay – get medical help immediately!
- Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
- Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
- Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
- Sudden severe headache with no known cause
If experiencing any of these signs, which could come and go, call emergency services/ambulance immediately.
If there is no emergency response number, seek medical attention as soon as possible.
Learn how cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) pumps oxygenated blood through the body and can help save the life of someone who is unconscious from a sudden cardiac arrest. Also watch video below on how to perform CPR.
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Disclaimer: The blog’s posting in warning signs, symptoms and guidelines are only for reference and cannot be taken as recommendations and that CMT is not responsible and people must always refer to Doctor and should not depend on CMT blog for medical solutions.