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Best Treatment for Cancer – Proton Therapy

Annually 9.6 Million individuals die of cancer globally and more than half of them in the age of 30-80 years. Now, Proton therapy is used to treat many different of cancers and is mainly appropriate in situations where treatment options are conventional or restricted radiotherapy poses a peril to the patient.

Cancer is the second leading cause of death, behind heart disease. The most common cause of cancer in men is prostate cancer, but the most common cause of cancer death in men is lung cancer.


In women, the most common cause of cancer is breast cancer, and like men, the most common cause of cancer death is lung cancer.

The clinical advantages of proton therapy in variance to conventional radiation therapy are extensive, with more than 75,000 patients treated worldwide.

Proton Therapy

Proton Beam therapy is one of the major forms of radiation therapy in the world. It uses high-power proton beam for cancer treatment. It gives the targeted treatment and expansion unlike any other radiation therapy.

Conventional radiotherapy spend high energy x-ray for the treatment of cancer and convinced benign tumors. It also destroy the surrounding healthy tissue by delivering the radiation to the healthy tissue over tumor. In comparison, Proton beam delivers a high dosage of radiation particularly to the tumor maximizing the chance of cure and turn minimizing the adverse effects to the enclosing healthy tissue.

proton therapy

In other, a superlative advantage is the proper dose distribution. A low dosage of radiation is emanated at the body surface which is followed by a sharp burst once it destroy the tumor, with negligible radiation travelling away from the target.

Conventional radiation Vs Proton Therapy

Conventional radiation is extremely penetrating and delivers a dose throughout any volume of tissue exposed to radiation. However, majority of the radiation is delivered only 0.5 to 3 cm from the patient’s skin, depending on the energy it absolutely was primarily given. It then slowly loses this energy till it reaches the target. As tumors nearly always situated at a depth, conventional radiation actively interacts with outer healthy cells and transfers only small remaining dose of radiation on the deeper diseased cells.

Conversely, the proton could be a significant and charged particle that in time loses its speed because it interacts with human tissue. It’s simply controlled and delivers its utmost dose at an correct depth, that is set by the quantity of energy it absolutely was given by the cyclotron, and reaches as far 32 cm. The proton is credibly fast once it penetrates the patient’s body and deposits particularly a diminutive dose on its approach. The absorbed dose will increase terribly bit by bit with higher depth and lower speed, speedily rising to a peak once the nucleon is finally stopped. The behavior of the nucleon may be specifically determined. Proton therapy aims to focus on tumors within the body, accurately localize the radiation indefinite quantity and spare the patient’s healthy cells, presenting a way less invasive option to treat cancer.

Proton Beam therapy has reworked the treatment of numerous cancers such as skull base tumors, brain tumors, pediatric cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, and lung cancer. In cases where treatment choices restricted and Conventional radiotherapy a dangers to patients. Proton beam therapy should a larger extent, trounced the boundaries of conventional radiotherapy.

How does Proton Therapy works

Exponential energization

Protons are accelerated in a machine called the cyclotron which results in the particles becoming highly energized. Protons carry a charge and mass that is typically higher than photons used in conventional radiology.

Targeted bursts

The beam then enters the treatment room via the gantry. The 360-degree revolving gantry facilitates delivery from any angle; enabling the proton beams to reach the most complex and hard to access tumors.

Peak precision

The protons reach the targeted area and slow down sufficiently to release a burst of energy. State-of-the-art Pencil Beam Scanning delivers the radiation dosage pixel by pixel, ensuring peak precision.

Minimum side effects

In proton therapy, the velocity of the protons is regulated to ensure the burst occurs at the precise site of the tumor, minimizing damage to healthy tissue around it. This results in minimal side effects, faster recovery and a better quality of life.

Benefits of Proton Therapy

  • Little to no radiation behind the tumor
  • Significantly smaller integral dose per treatment
  • Proven credentials in reducing risk of side effects
  • Better quality of life during and after treatment
  • A painless and non-invasive procedure

Proton Prowess ideal for a wide range of Cancers

Brain Tumors

The treatment of brain tumors is a complicated process, as they are located near vital structures – hormonal, sensory and neurological centers – where damage can result in serious adverse effects such as neurocognitive, hormonal & auditory disorders.

Brain Tumor

This is why proton therapy, with revolutionary delivery modes like Pencil Beam Scanning is the clear leader to treat CNS cancers. Proton therapy has globally proven to

  • Reduce the dose of radiation by 60% to surrounding structures such as the hippo campus, cochlea and pituitary.
  • Reduce the incidence of second cancers by 50%.

Skull Base Tumors

Proton therapy is an ideal modality for treating skull base and cervical spine tumors such as chordoma and chondrosarcoma. The dose can be focused in the target, while achieving significant sparing of the brain, brain stem, cervical cord, and optic nerves and chiasm. Proton therapy is recommended for skull base tumors. The benefits on using IMPT are

  • Dose escalation possible with proton therapy, between 70-74 GyRBE
  • 7-year local control for chordoma and chondrosarcoma are 71% and 94% respectively.
  • For cervical spine tumors, 10-year local control rates for chordomas and chondrosarcomas are 54% and 48% respectively

Gastrointestinal Tumors

In conventional radiation there was no effective way to treat hepatocellular carcinoma, pancreatic disease and carcinoma of the oesophagus as well as surgery.

Gastrointestinal Tumors

Using conventional radiotherapy, there is high risk of damaging the liver, kidney, spinal cord, intestines and lungs. Comparing to conventional radiotherapy, proton therapy offer the following benefits:

  • Reduces side effect
  • Potentially reduces radiation exposure to close organs by 60%

Head & Neck and Eye Tumors

The use of conventional radiotherapy in the case of these delicate tumors is once again associated with adverse effects such as functional disorders of the salivary glands, or in the case of eyes, a worsened quality of vision.Proton Therapy is ideal treatment mode because : Preserves swallowing functions and sense of taste.

Prostate Cancer

Many treatments for prostate cancer often cause long-term side effects, including urinary complications and impotence. With these serious risks in mind, the precision and power of proton therapy is always recommended for prostate cancer. The benefits include:


  • Reduced irradiation of the bladder by 60% thus reducing the risk of incontinence
  • Reduce the incidence of second cancers by 50%.

Thoracic Tumors

In the case of Lung carcinoma, the precise nature of proton therapy allows a higher dose of radiation to be delivered directly to where it needs to be – the tumor. In addition, the treatment time is shortened, and healthy lung tissue is preserved. Proton therapy has emerged superior to conventional radiation in treating Lung Cancer for the following benefit:

Lowers radiation exposure to surrounding structures by 50%

Both standard radiation therapy and proton therapy work on the same principle of damaging cellular DNA. The major advantage of proton therapy treatment over standard radiation therapy, however, is that protons slowly deposit their energy as they travel towards the cancerous tumor and then due to a unique physical characteristic called the Bragg Peak, deposit the majority of the radiation dose directly in the tumor and travel no further through the body. This results in less healthy tissues and organs receiving unnecessary radiation thereby reducing unwanted complications and side effects. Standard radiation therapy utilizes x-rays which deposits the majority of the radiation dose immediately upon entering the body while traveling to the tumor. Unlike protons, after depositing radiation dose in the tumor the x-rays continue traveling through the body until exiting out the other side resulting in the delivery of unnecessary radiation to healthy tissues and organs. Simply put, protons STOP after depositing the radiation dose in the tumor, x-rays do not.

These unique advantages of proton therapy lead to the potential for fewer harmful side effects, more direct impact on the tumor, and increased tumor control.

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Liver Transplant

Know more about Liver Transplantation part-2

The liver has many functions, including building proteins and other substances for the body to use, removal of waste products and toxins from the blood drug metabolism and Energy storage. Liver disease causes these crucial functions to fail and when the failure is too severe to respond to medication liver transplantation may be an option.

What are the likely complications following a liver transplant?

Minor wound infection and discharge of liquefied fat is seen in about 10% of people.This will settle with little or no intervention. Major wound infection needing another surgery is extremely rare.

By now you are aware that liver transplantation involves making a lot of connections. There is an extremely small chance that these connections can become too tight or too loose. We have a very highly trained team of doctors who are able to treat them with minimally invasive techniques without resorting to another surgery.

Hepatic Artery Thrombosis (HAT) / clotting of the hepatic artery is a rare complication seen in less that 4% of the patients and portal vein thrombosis is even rarer and is seen in less than 1% of the patients. When identified, the clot will have to be removed and it will involve another surgery. In spite of all this, if we are not successful, re-transplantation will be necessary.

What is rejection?

Rejection occurs when your body’s natural defenses, called the immune system, damage the new liver. Your immune system keeps you healthy by fighting against things that don’t belong in your body, such as bacteria and viruses. After a transplant, it is common for your immune system to fight against the liver and try to destroy it.

How is rejection prevented?

To keep your body from rejecting the new liver, you will have to take medicines. These drugs such as tacrolimus, cyclosporine, steroids, sirolimus and mycophenolate mofetil are called immunosuppressants. Immunosuppressant’s weaken your immune system’s ability to reject your new liver.


Do immunosuppressants have any side effects?

Yes. You can get infections more easily because these drugs weaken your immune system. You will need to stay away from people who are sick. These drugs may also increase your blood pressure, cause your cholesterol to rise, cause diabetes, weaken your bones and may damage your kidneys in the long run. Steroid drugs may also cause changes in how you look by causing weight gain. Your doctor and the transplant team will monitor these effects and treat you for any complications that may occur.

What are the signs of rejection?         

Doctors will check your blood for liver enzymes at the first sign of rejection. Often rejection does not make you feel ill. Sometimes rejection can cause — pain, fever, jaundice and changes in liver function tests. Often a liver biopsy is needed to diagnose rejection. For a biopsy, the doctor takes a small piece of the liver to examine under a microscope. Blood tests will show if the new liver is being rejected.Liver TissueLiving-DONOR TRANSPLANTATION What is a living donor liver transplant?

A living-donor transplant is when someone who is alive gives a part of his or her liver to a person who needs a transplant. Family members, such as parents, sisters, brothers, adult children or someone close, such as a spouse, may offer to give part of his or her healthy liver. This can be done because a healthy liver can grow new tissues. After the transplant, the liver parts of both the donor and person in need will grow and form complete organs.

How did living-donor liver transplantation begin and how common is it?

Living-donor transplants were first done in children because of the long waiting period for cadaver organs and increasing death rate on the list. It was done in children in the 1980s and is now being done in adults for the last 8 years. In India, because of a relative lack of cadaveric organs, the majority of transplants are done using living donor organs.

Liver Transplantation

What are the benefits of living donor liver transplantation?

The best reason for a living-donor transplant is that it shortens the waiting time for a liver. The timing of the surgery can be planned. The chance for a successful transplant is increased. Today, thousands of patients await liver transplantation but only a handful cadaveric organs become available every year. A living-donor transplant gives those in need an early transplant before their liver failure gets worse and their lives are in danger.

Who can become a donor?

People who want to be liver donor are carefully checked to ensure that they can

safely give a part of their liver and that their liver is healthy. The first concern is the safety of the donor as well as being sure that the graft will work for the person in need. The risks to the donor are real. Discuss this with your doctor. In general, liver donors must:Liver

There should be no pressure of any kind on a person to donate part of his liver nor should there be any money given or received.

What are the major risks in donating?

As with any major surgery, there will be pain from the incision, which will get better with time. Other risks to the donor include bleeding, infection and temporary bile leaks. Fatalities in transplantation have been reported from certain transplant centers in the world but it is rare. Most have full recoveries and are healthy. Discuss regarding risk to the donors with your transplant surgeon.

What happens during donor surgery?

The incision is in the shape of a mirror image of ‘L’. The gallbladder is always removed. The donor’s liver is split into two parts. One part is removed for the transplantation. The surgeon then closes the wound with sutures and staples. These are later removed at a follow-up visit to the surgeon’s office. The liver begins to heal and grow new tissue. It takes about 8-12 weeks for the liver to grow back to its normal size. are the donor organ options that are used for transplantation in children?

  • Reduced-size liver graft: A piece of liver is taken from a brain-dead person (cadaver donor).
  • Living-donor transplant: A piece of a liver comes from an adult living donor and is used as a transplant for a child. Over the past 10 years, nearly 1000 of these transplants have been done throughout the world. They have been just as successful as transplants of whole organs. There are some risks of adult donation for transplant to a child. These risks seem to be much smaller than the risks of a living donor transplant to an adult.

Are there technical problems in doing a transplant on a child?

Yes. It is a little more difficult because the blood vessels are very small. Also, the care after surgery must be done in ICUs that can handle such small children.

Do children get the same anti-rejection drugs as adults?

In general, children get the same type of drugs that adults get. However, children may have different side effects. Therefore, only doctors who specialise in this field should handle the follow-up of children after transplants.

What makes a transplant successful?

First, you must have good medical care. Then, families and patients should make every effort to keep in touch with their medical teams. Children who get liver transplants will need to take drugs on schedule, see their doctor often and may need more procedures. All this will help to make transplants successful and will help to give long and healthy lives to the children. So make sure you stay in touch with your transplant team and follow their advice. Ask for counseling when you have any problems.

Fellowship in Eye Disorder of Diabetes

Incase you missed the Know more about Liver Transplantation Part -1   –   Click Here

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Liver Transplantation

Know more about Liver Transplantation part-1

The liver has many functions, including building proteins and other substances for the body to use, removal of waste products and toxins from the blood drug metabolism and Energy storage. Liver disease causes these crucial functions to fail and when the failure is too severe to respond to medication liver transplantation may be an option.

As liver transplantation is a major surgical procedure, the patients and the family have quite a lot of concern areas.

The information contained herein is of general nature and should not be construed as specific medical advice. Please consult your doctor for more details.

What does my liver do?

What does my liver do

What are the signs of liver problems?

Some signs of liver problem are

  • Feeling weak and sick in your stomach and losing appetite
  • Muscle wasting (becoming skin and bones)
  • Fluid build-up in the abdomen (ascites)
  • Yellow skin and eyes (jaundice)
  • Forgetfulness, confusion or coma (encephalopathy)
  • Swollen hands / legs
  • Itching
  • Bruising, bleeding easily and nose bleeds
  • Blood in vomitus, bloody / black bowel movements

What is Liver Transplantation?

Liver transplantation is surgery to remove a diseased liver and replace it with a healthy one. This kind of surgery has been done for four decades. Across the world thousands of people have had liver transplants and now lead normal lives.

Being tired and losing your appetite can be signs of liver problems. Liver transplants can help adults and children.

What are the reasons for needing a liver transplant?

In adults, the most common reason for liver transplantation is Liver cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is caused by many different types of liver injuries that destroy healthy liver cells and replace them with scar tissue. Cirrhosis can be caused by viruses such as hepatitis B and C, alcohol, autoimmune liver diseases, build-up of fat in the liver, and hereditary liver diseases. Sometimes the cause of liver cirrhosis is not known.

In children, the most common reason for liver transplantation is billiary atresia. Bile ducts, which are tubes that carry bile out of the liver, are missing or damaged in this disease and obstructed bile causes cirrhosis. Bile helps digest food.

Liver with cirrhosis

Other reasons for needing liver transplantation are certain liver cancers, benign liver tumours and hereditary diseases.

Sudden or rapidly developing liver failure may sometimes affect children and adults. The common causes are certain viral illnesses and reaction to some medicines like excess dose of pain killers and even certain herbal / traditional medicines. A liver transplant can save life if undertaken at the right time.

How will I know whether I need a liver transplant?

Based on your sickness and liver disease status, your doctor may recommend you to the liver transplant unit for further evaluation. You will meet the liver transplant team. The team is usually led by a liver transplant surgeon and includes liver specialists (hepatologists), nurses, and other health care professionals. The transplant team will arrange blood tests, x rays, and other tests to help make the decision about whether you need a transplant and whether a transplant can be carried out safely.

Other aspects of your health like the condition of your heart, lungs, kidneys, immune system, and mental health will also be checked to be sure you’re strong enough for surgery.

Can anyone with liver problems get a transplant?

You cannot have a transplant if you have

Can anyone with liver problems get a transplant?

How long does it take to get a new liver?

If the transplant team recommends that you need a transplant, you will be counselled regarding your options of living donor liver transplant or cadaver liver transplant.

If you have a living donor in your family, your waiting time could be as short as one week. The living donors and donated livers are tested before transplant surgery. The testing makes sure the liver is healthy, matches your blood type, and is the right size so that it has the best chance of working in your body.

In case you do not have a living donor, your name will be placed on a waiting list with your consent. Your blood type, body size and how sick you are, plays a role in deciding your place on the list. Currently, the sickest people are at the top of the list, so you may have to wait your turn.

While you wait for a new liver, you and your doctor should talk about what you can do to stay strong for the surgery. You will also start learning about taking care of a new liver.

Where do the livers for transplantation come from?

Whole livers come from people who are brain dead (heart beat still present). These people are on breathing machines in various hospital ICUs. This type of donor is called a “cadaveric donor”. Alternatively a healthy person in the family can donate a part of his or her liver for the patient with liver failure. This kind of donor is called a ‘living donor’. More information on living donor liver transplantation is included in latter part of this article.

Financial resources / Health Insurance

You should check to be sure that you will be able to cover the cost of liver transplantation and prescription medicines. You will need certain medicines after the surgery and some for the rest of your life.

What happens in the hospital?

When the liver is available, you will be prepared for the surgery. If your new liver is from a living donor, both you and the donor will be in surgery at the same time. If your new liver is from a person who has recently died, your surgery will start when the new liver arrives at the hospital.

Bariatric surgery

During Surgery

The surgery can take from 6 to 14 hours. While the surgeon removes your diseased liver, other doctors will prepare the new liver. The surgeon will disconnect your diseased liver from your bile ducts and blood vessels before removing it. The blood that flows into your liver will be blocked or sent through a machine to return to the rest of your body. The surgeon will put the healthy liver in place and reconnect it to your bile ducts and blood vessels. Your blood will then flow into your new liver.

After Surgery

You will stay in the hospital for an average of 2 to 3 weeks to be sure your new liver is working. You will take medicines to prevent rejection of your new liver and to prevent infections. Your doctor will check for bleeding, infections and rejection. During this time you will start to learn how to take care of yourself and use your medicines to protect your new liver after you go home. In the hospital, you will slowly start eating again. You will start with clear liquids, then switch to solid food as your new liver starts to work.

Know more about Liver Transplantation continues in Part -2   –   Click Here

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The Sure Cure for Diabetes – Pancreas Transplantation

Pancreas Transplantation is a surgical procedure,  in which the whole pancreas from the deceased donor is harvested. Then it is  replaced to the recipient whose pancreas is no longer functions properly

The pancreas is an organ that lies in the back of the lower part of your stomach. One of its essential functions is to make insulin, a hormone that regulates the absorption of sugar (glucose) into your cells.

If the pancreas does not make adequate insulin, blood sugar levels can shoot to unhealthy levels, resulting in type 1 diabetes.

Most pancreas transplants are performed to treat type 1 diabetes. A pancreas transplant provides a viable cure for this condition. Pancreas transplants involve high risks and side effects hence it is significantly reserved for extreme diabetes complications.

In some cases, pancreas transplants may also treat type 2 diabetes. Rarely, pancreas transplants may also be used in the therapy of pancreatic, bile duct or cancers.

A pancreas transplant is often performed in conjunction with a kidney transplant. This will be done for the people whose kidneys have been damaged by diabetes.

Why it is done

A pancreas transplant can restore normal insulin production and enhance blood sugar management in people with diabetes, however, it’s not a general treatment. Anti-rejection medicines may cause serious complications after a pancreas transplant

For people with any of the following, a pancreas transplant can be worth considering:

  • Type 1 diabetes that cannot be controlled with standard treatment
  • Frequent insulin reactions
  • Consistently poor blood sugar control
  • Severe kidney damage
  • Type 2 diabetes related to both low insulin resistance and low insulin production


A pancreas transplant may not be a choice for type-2 diabetes patients, because for type-2 diabetes patients they may produce the normal level of Insulin but the insulin produced may not be utilized properly as the body becomes resistant to insulin.

But for the patient with low insulin production and low resistance, the pancreas transplant is a genuine option.  About 10 percent of all pancreas transplants are performed in people with type 2 diabetes.

There are different types of pancreas transplants, including:

Pancreas transplant alone.

Pancreas transplant alone can be done for the candidates who have no kidney disease and requires the only pancreas for their survival.A pancreas transplant surgical treatment involves only a pancreas transplant besides other surgeries.

Combined kidney-pancreas transplant.

For people with diabetes and at the risk of severe kidney damage, Kidney-Pancreas transplant could be a better option. More than two-thirds of pancreas transplants are executed simultaneously with a kidney transplant.

The purpose of this approach is to provide you a healthy kidney and pancreas that are not likely to contribute to diabetes-related kidney damage in the future.

Pancreas-after-kidney transplant.

When the patient is waiting for both Kidney and pancreas and if the kidney is matching and available immediately to the recipient, a Kidney transplant is also recommended first before the pancreas.

After you get better from kidney transplant surgery, you may receive the pancreas transplant once a donor pancreas becomes available.

Insulin-producing cells (islet cells) are taken from the deceased donor and then it is injected into the bloodstream of the recipients during the Pancreatic islet cell transplant. The Insulin-producing cells reach the liver and pancreas through the bloodstream and grow to produce more amount of Insulin.

Although it’s possible for a living donor to donate phase of a pancreas, almost all pancreas transplants involve a deceased-donor pancreas.

  • Risks
  • Complications of the procedure
  • Pancreas transplant surgical procedure includes a risk of sizable complications, including:
  • Blood clots
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Excess sugar in the blood (hyperglycemia) or other metabolic problems
  • Urinary complications, including leaking or urinary tract infections
  • Failure of the donated pancreas
  • Rejection of the donated pancreas

Anti-rejection medication side effects

After a pancreas transplant, you may take medicines for the rest of your life to help prevent your body from rejecting the donor pancreas. These anti-rejection medications can cause a range of side effects, including:

  • Bone thinning (osteoporosis)
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Nausea, diarrhea or vomiting
  • Sun sensitivity
  • Puffiness
  • Weight gain
  • Swollen gums
  • Acne
  • Excessive hair growth or loss

To accept the donor’s organ from rejection, Anti-rejection drugs are used by suppressing the immune system of the recipient, Hence the recipient’s body defense system becomes compromised and prone to infections.

Do you have questions after reading this article? Please let us know! Leave a comment below, we would love to give you some answers! For the best Healthcare Facilitator Services Contact the number below.

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Urological Surgery

Minimally Invasive Robot Assisted Urological Surgeries

What is UROLOGY ?

Urology is a surgical specialty which deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs.

The disorders that may be treated by urologists include those involving the kidneys, the ureters (tubes connecting the kidneys to the bladder), the adrenal glands, the bladder and the urethra (the tube that passes urine out of the body from the bladder)urology

In males, a urologist may also treat conditions of the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, and prostate.


Prostate cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the prostate. The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum.

It is about the size of a walnut and surrounds the urethra (the tube that empties urine from the bladder). The prostate gland produces fluid that is one of the components of semen.

Prostate Cancer will be diagnosed in the ratio of 1 man in 6 during his lifetime. Prostate Cancer is the 2nd most common cancer in men worldwide

Bladder Cancer rates in men are three to four times greater than in women, Bladder Cancer is the ninth most common cancer worldwide. Worldwide an estimated 350,000 cases of Bladder Cancer is diagnosed every year

Kidney Cancer is slightly more common in men and is usually diagnosed between the ages of 50 and 70 years. Early diagnosis of Kidney Cancer has a survival rate that ranges from 79 to 100 percent

What are the symptoms for UROLOGICAL DISORDERS ?

  • Changes in urination (inability, frequency, pain, less output, incontinence)
  • Feeling the need to urinate without results
  • Sensation that the bladder is not completely empty after urinating
  • Trouble starting or holding back urination
  • A weak or interrupted flow

Other major symptoms include,

  • Decreased speed
  • Blood in your urine or semen
  • A lump in your abdomen
  • Unexplained weight loss or loss of appetite
  • Pain in your side or lower back
  • Tired / fatigue


You should meet a urologist and get examined. The common test that the urologist will ask you is an ultra-sonogram, a PSA test, and if necessary a CT scan / cystoscopy.


The PSA test is a blood test used primarily to screen for prostate cancer. The test measures the amount of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in your blood. PSA is a protein produced by both cancerous and noncancerous tissue in the prostate, a small gland that sits below a man’s bladder.

What is Good PSA Level ?

In the past, most doctors considered PSA levels of 4.0 ng/mL and lower as normal. Therefore, if a man had a PSA level above 4.0 ng/mL, doctors would often recommend a prostate biopsy to determine whether prostate cancer was present.

What is the best treatment for UROLOGICAL CANCERS ?

Radical Cystectomy (Removal of the Bladder)

Radical Cystectomy

Radical Prostatectomy  (Removal of the Prostate)

Radical Prostatectomy

Radical Nephrectomy  (Removal of only the tumor component of the kidney)

What are the Robotic Procedures done for Urology ?

  • Nephrectomy
  • Donor Nephrectomy for Transplantation
  • Partial Nephrectomy
  • Pyeloplasty
  • Prostatectomy
  • Ureteric Re implants
  • Uretero Ureteric Anastomosis
  • Adrenalectomy
  • Reconstructive procedure like vesico vaginal fistula


Integration :

Integrates advanced computer technology with the experience of the skilled surgeons. It acts as an interface between the surgeon and the patients; however the surgeon is the one performing the surgery.


Provides 10x magnified, high – definition, 3D-image of the body’s intricate anatomy


Controlled by surgeon using controls in a console with special surgical instruments that are smaller, more manoeuvrable & flexible than the human hand.


Robot replicates the surgeon’s hand movements, while minimizing hand tremors and provides enhanced precision, dexterity and control even during the most complex procedures.

Benefits of  Robotic SurgeryBenefits of Urology


A breakthrough in surgical technology is an effective, minimally invasive alternative to both open surgery and laparoscopy, with potential benefits. Hospitals in  of Robotics at Chennai, has done over 1000 robot assisted surgeries in the past 3 years.

robotic surgery



Using Robot assisted surgery only the tumour component is removed and the kidney is preserved. This results in two healthy kidneys thereby reducing chances of chronic renal failure.


Robotic surgery can remove the cancerous bladder in a minimally invasive approach and create a new bladder from the intestines which will result in near quality of life.


Prostate cancer can be removed in a minimally invasive approach with robotic surgery. In minimal invasive surgery we preserve the nerves responsible for erection which results in early return of sexual function and aids return of continence.

Do you have questions after reading this article? Please let us know! Leave a comment below, we would love to give you some answers! For the best Healthcare Facilitator Services Contact the number below.

Have Questions? Enquire Now

Call +91 9600195686