Imagine this scene. Your physician tells you that you have diabetes. You are afraid as you are not too certain what it all means. You start hearing new terms such as blood glucose, insulin, hemoglobin A1c, fasting blood glucose, fasting blood sugars and it appears overwhelming. So let’s take a minute to know about the terminologies it down. Understanding your ailment is the first step in maintaining your health. Know More about Diabetes.
So what exactly does it mean to have diabetes?
When a person eats, whether they have diabetes or not, the glucose level in their blood rises. The term “blood glucose level” is generally referred to as “blood sugar”. A rise in blood glucose levels after eating is normal, and it’s how the body nourishes the cells. When a character does not have diabetes, the pancreas produces insulin, whose job it is to deliver down glucose levels in the blood movement before it rises to a risky level. Insulin equalizes blood glucose levels to secure levels.
But when an individual has diabetes, their pancreas does not produce enough insulin, if any at all, or the insulin they produce is no longer working properly. Therefore, when a person has diabetes, the blood glucose rises unimpeded, causing damage to the organs. If uncontrolled and tiers upward thrust dangerously high, it can lead to coma or death. November 14th is targeted as World Diabetes Day.Know More about Diabetes.
What causes glucose ranges to rise?
Blood sugars in our blood elevate naturally when we eat, in order to feed our cells. But not all foods cause an equal rise in blood sugar. Foods containing carbohydrates make blood glucose levels to go up sharply. When these ranges go beyond safe levels, damage occurs to organs and nerve endings. Foods has high in carbohydrates include, but are not restricted to bread, pasta, crackers, cereals, starchy vegetables such as potatoes, peas, and corn, milk, soy milk, yogurt, fruits and fruit juices, grains and legumes, snack foods such as chips and pretzels, cakes, cookies, sweet and table sugar. Proteins (meat, chicken, eggs, fish,) and non-starchy vegetables are low in carbohydrates and will now not cause a sharp upward jostle in glucose levels.
What is the goal of blood glucose levels?
According to the American Diabetes Association, a fasting blood glucose need to be 80-130 mg/dl, and 2 hours after eating, blood glucose needs to be much less than 180 mg/dl for a person who has diabetes.
How regularly should blood glucose be checked?
Blood glucose levels are constantly fluctuating due to what you ate, how much you ate and how long ago you ate. Although it seems tedious, checking your blood sugars before and after you consume is the great way to understand the relationship between what you are eating and how it impacts your glucose levels. two It is necessary to take a look at your blood glucose before you eat to understand you’re starting off point.
There are foods that have “hidden” carbohydrates that are not so obvious to detect, so checking your blood sugars after a meal is important. For example, it is known that Chinese food can be high in sodium. But cornstarch, a carbohydrate source is regularly used as a thickener to thicken sauces in Chinese cuisine. Therefore, ordering meat and broccoli stir fry may seem like a healthy choice, however, unless you test your blood glucose level, you may no longer be aware how a dish with sauce is affecting your level. Keeping a food log that you can share with your physician or dietitian with the following data can also be helpful.
|Pre-meal glucose||Post-meal glucose||Time||Food||Quantity||Hunger level 1-5||Mood (ie bored, stressed)|
Identifying starvation stage and mood is beneficial if overeating is an issue. It can assist you to pinpoint situations that promote overeating.Know More about Diabetes.
What takes place if blood glucose degrees are persistently uncontrolled?
High blood glucose levels are harmful to the organs and most particularly the kidneys, eyes and nerve endings. The effect of excessive blood glucose on the body is cumulative; which means that, even though your blood sugars ultimately come down, the injury to your organs has been done and it is now not reversible. Some of the side effects of persistently high blood glucose are cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, maybe leading to dialysis, blindness, decreased wound healing as well as nerve damage leading to pain and amputation of limbs.
What is a hemoglobin A1c?
A hemoglobin A1c stage (A1c for short) is a blood test that suggests the average blood glucose level for the previous 3 months. A single glucose level (like when you stick your finger and take a reading) looks at one level at one moment in time, but A1c appears at the average blood sugars for a three-month duration of time. This gives your healthcare crew a better thinking of the “story” of your glucose levels for a period of time. So the single blood glucose level is like a picture but an A1c level is like seeing the movie. See the chart below for the A1c levels and the corresponding average blood sugars.
Average glucose level (mg/dL)
So if your physician tells you your A1c level is at 10%, it means that your average glucose levels are at 240 mg/dl. This is a purpose for the problem as this will have a poor impact on your health.
How can blood sugars be controlled?
It is possible to hold your blood sugars within a healthy vary and enjoy foods that you like, in moderation. Eating smaller, frequent meals helps to avoid blood sugar highs and lows. Replacing some carbohydrate meals with lean proteins or non-starchy vegetables helps you to avoid the undesirable peaks and valleys associated with uncontrolled blood glucose levels. Make your plate about half non-starchy vegetables, a quarter lean protein, and a quarter carbohydrate foods. Make sure to learn which foods contain carbohydrates so that you are conscious of how your glucose levels are affected by what you eat. Maintain a healthy weight. Regularly check your glucose levels. Visit your doctor regularly. Ask your doctor to refer you to a registered dietitian. Take your medicinal drugs as prescribed and stay on top of your disease.
We’ve all heard the saying “your health is the most important thing.” Why? Because when you lose your health, you lose your freedom. So, preserve your health and maintain your independence. Thanks to Know More about Diabetes.
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