What is UROLOGY ?
Urology is a surgical specialty which deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs.
The disorders that may be treated by urologists include those involving the kidneys, the ureters (tubes connecting the kidneys to the bladder), the adrenal glands, the bladder and the urethra (the tube that passes urine out of the body from the bladder)
In males, a urologist may also treat conditions of the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, and prostate.
What is PROSTATE CANCER ?
Prostate cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the prostate. The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum.
It is about the size of a walnut and surrounds the urethra (the tube that empties urine from the bladder). The prostate gland produces fluid that is one of the components of semen.
Prostate Cancer will be diagnosed in the ratio of 1 man in 6 during his lifetime. Prostate Cancer is the 2nd most common cancer in men worldwide
Bladder Cancer rates in men are three to four times greater than in women, Bladder Cancer is the ninth most common cancer worldwide. Worldwide an estimated 350,000 cases of Bladder Cancer is diagnosed every year
Kidney Cancer is slightly more common in men and is usually diagnosed between the ages of 50 and 70 years. Early diagnosis of Kidney Cancer has a survival rate that ranges from 79 to 100 percent
What are the symptoms for UROLOGICAL DISORDERS ?
- Changes in urination (inability, frequency, pain, less output, incontinence)
- Feeling the need to urinate without results
- Sensation that the bladder is not completely empty after urinating
- Trouble starting or holding back urination
- A weak or interrupted flow
Other major symptoms include,
- Decreased speed
- Blood in your urine or semen
- A lump in your abdomen
- Unexplained weight loss or loss of appetite
- Pain in your side or lower back
- Tired / fatigue
What should you do WHEN YOU HAVE THESE SYMPTOMS ?
You should meet a urologist and get examined. The common test that the urologist will ask you is an ultra-sonogram, a PSA test, and if necessary a CT scan / cystoscopy.
WHAT IS PSA TEST ?
The PSA test is a blood test used primarily to screen for prostate cancer. The test measures the amount of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in your blood. PSA is a protein produced by both cancerous and noncancerous tissue in the prostate, a small gland that sits below a man’s bladder.
What is Good PSA Level ?
In the past, most doctors considered PSA levels of 4.0 ng/mL and lower as normal. Therefore, if a man had a PSA level above 4.0 ng/mL, doctors would often recommend a prostate biopsy to determine whether prostate cancer was present.
What is the best treatment for UROLOGICAL CANCERS ?
Radical Cystectomy (Removal of the Bladder)
Radical Prostatectomy (Removal of the Prostate)
Radical Nephrectomy (Removal of only the tumor component of the kidney)
What are the Robotic Procedures done for Urology ?
- Donor Nephrectomy for Transplantation
- Partial Nephrectomy
- Ureteric Re implants
- Uretero Ureteric Anastomosis
- Reconstructive procedure like vesico vaginal fistula
What is ROBOTIC ASSISTED SURGERY
Integrates advanced computer technology with the experience of the skilled surgeons. It acts as an interface between the surgeon and the patients; however the surgeon is the one performing the surgery.
Provides 10x magnified, high – definition, 3D-image of the body’s intricate anatomy
Controlled by surgeon using controls in a console with special surgical instruments that are smaller, more manoeuvrable & flexible than the human hand.
Robot replicates the surgeon’s hand movements, while minimizing hand tremors and provides enhanced precision, dexterity and control even during the most complex procedures.
Benefits of Robotic Surgery
What is ADVANCED ROBOTIC SURGERY SYSTEM?
A breakthrough in surgical technology is an effective, minimally invasive alternative to both open surgery and laparoscopy, with potential benefits. Hospitals in of Robotics at Chennai, has done over 1000 robot assisted surgeries in the past 3 years.
Why Should You Opt For ROBOT ASSISTED SURGERY?
Using Robot assisted surgery only the tumour component is removed and the kidney is preserved. This results in two healthy kidneys thereby reducing chances of chronic renal failure.
Robotic surgery can remove the cancerous bladder in a minimally invasive approach and create a new bladder from the intestines which will result in near quality of life.
Prostate cancer can be removed in a minimally invasive approach with robotic surgery. In minimal invasive surgery we preserve the nerves responsible for erection which results in early return of sexual function and aids return of continence.
Do you have questions after reading this article? Please let us know! Leave a comment below, we would love to give you some answers! For the best Healthcare Facilitator Services Contact the number below.
Have Questions? Enquire Now
Call +91 9600195686